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Why Plant Trees / Supporting Agricultural Production / Shade & Shelter
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Shade and Shelter


A number of studies have shown that the main reason Australian farmers plant trees is to provide shelter for their stock, crops and those living and working on the farm. Clearly, most farmers believe that reducing wind speeds and providing shade enhances productivity. There is research that supports the use of shelterbelts of trees and block plantings for stock shelter from both extreme cold and hot temperatures.


Understanding the effects on production of exposure to wind and sunlight is the first step in designing tree planting options for shelter. Whilst the impact of catastrophic weather events may be obvious (such as stock deaths or lodging of crops), the subtle effects of exposure may not be evident without monitoring yields and weather conditions. Dairy farmers may be able to identify the impact of hot or cold weather on milk production. Others however, selling beef, lamb or wool, may find any loss in production difficult to attribute to exposure. This is where animal and crop production research is most useful.


Heat and Cold Stress of Farm Animals
Wind Effects on Crop and Pasture Production
Wind Erosion


Growing Trees for Shade and Shelter
An understanding of the means by which exposure may affect farm productivity allows farmers to design farm forestry options to address the cause of the problem. In most cases this will involve using belts or blocks of trees to try and slow wind speed.


Trees for Wind Shelter
Trees for Stock Shade

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